Here's the text of "A Modest Proposal" with helpful footnotes. (The footnotes were added by an organization called "readthinkwrite".)
Consider the SOAPSToneS elements of discourse:
speaker, occasion, audience, purpose, subject, tone, style.
Take SOAPSTone notes*. (Identify and explore the significance of
speaker, occasion, audience, purpose, subject, and tone in the text.
"Explore the significance" means write several thoughtful sentences that
interpret the text and make direct references to the text.) Bring your notes (in sentence form) to class tomorrow.
* WARNING: Stay on your toes, so to speak. Be careful not to take speaker, purpose, and tone at face value.